Discoveries made at Tell El-Farkha by the Polish Mission

The Ministry of Antiquities has announced a number of discoveries made at the Tell El-Farkha site, in the Dakhaleyya Governatorate, during the excavations performed by the Polish Mission headed by Dr Marek Chłodnicki.

During the 2014 campaign all three koms forming this site were examined by reopening previously established trenches.

On the Western Kom excavations were made in the layers between the oldest phases of the administrative-cultic centre (Early Dynastic) and top layers of a burnt Naqada residence. The most important discovery are remains of a brewery with rests of two vats and surrounding them multiple clay, burned fire-dogs.

Research on the Central Kom concentrated around the remains of two huge buildings which have been explored since 2012. The first of them is a rectangular building, with very thick walls and a row of rooms located on the eastern side of a wide courtyard, raised in Naqada IIIA1 times. The second is a rounded structure, located on the north-eastern slope of the kom, built during the second half of the First Dynasty. The rounded structure consists of double adjacent mud-brick walls, each 95 cm thick, with the interior 7 m in diameter. Close to the rounded building a unique ceramic big stamp with hieroglyphs was discovered.

On the Eastern Kom the excavations were carried out at the area to the North and East of the big mastaba. The Polish Mission continued working in the same trench as in the previous season. Four graves were discovered during the campaign. Three of them were very poorly preserved child burials with heads on North. The richest grave discovered this year is dated to Naqada IIIC2-IIID. It was a small mastaba with two chambers, and the deceased was equipped with 42 pottery vessels (mainly beer-jars and covering them bowls), 26 stone vessels of different shapes (cylinder, globular, plates), and 180 small carnelian beads. Pottery vessels were in the southern chamber, while the rest of the equipment was together with the body in the northern one.

Source: Ministry of Antiquities, Egypt
  • Western Kom – Remains of a brewery © Ministry of Antiquities, Egypt

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